György Buzsáki, author of Rhythms of the Brain (OUP 2006), is a professor of neuroscience at Rutgers University. His book is a comprehensive review of the current state of research in the field of brain oscillations. It includes the role of these oscillations in sleep and memory. In Episode 31 of the Brain Science Podcast, Dr. Buzáki explains why the rhythms of the brain are important and reflects on why this field has been neglected by some neuroscientists. I think he makes a convincing case for the position that these rhythms are an essential component of brain function.
How to get this episode:
Scientists and References:
- Stephen Strogatz: known for his discovery of "small world" architecture.: His 2003 bestseller Sync: The emerging science of spontaneous order is aimed at a general audience
- Nancy Kopell: mathematician: Buzsaki recommends her review of the analytical approaches to neuronal oscillators: We got Rhythm: Dynamical Systems of the Nervous System. N Am Math Soc 47: 6-16 (2000).
- Hermann Haken: German laser physicist who studies bidirectional causation.
- The Science of Structure: Synergetics (1984).
- John O'Keefe (University College, London): along with Lynn Nadel he discovered how the hippocampus forms a cognitive map of the world. He has shown how the timing of oscillations in the hippocampus are important.
- "Independent rate and temporal coding in hippocampal pyramidal cells," by John Huxter, Neil Burgess, and John O'Keefe. Nature 425, 828-832 (23 October 2003).
- David McCormick (Yale University): showed that neurons from the thalamus of a ferret can oscillate spontaneously. He has also studied the oscillations of place cells in the hippocampus.
- Montcastle, VB (1997), "The Columnar Organization of the Neocortex." Brain 102:01-722.
- Claude Shannon: founder of Information Theory.
- Jan Born (University of Lübeck, Germany): experiments with how sleep improves both memory and problem solving.
Topics and questions:
- Basics of oscillations and synchrony.
- What functions are accomplished by brain rhythms?
- The role of hippocampal ripples in memory.
- What happens to our brain rhythms while we sleep.
- The importance of synchrony in saving energy in the brain.
This episode will appeal to listeners with a background in math or engineering, but Dr. Buzsáki provides numerous everyday examples that make the material accessible to everyone.